Indoor air quality refers to the quality of air within and around buildings and structures, especially as it relates to the health and comfort of building occupants. Poor indoor air quality can cause or contribute to the development of sick building syndrome, respiratory diseases, and other health problems.
Factors that can impact indoor air quality include:
- Poor ventilation: When there is not enough fresh air circulating in a building, pollutants, and allergens can build up and cause health problems.
- Chemicals and pollutants: A wide range of chemicals, including cleaning products, pesticides, and building materials, can release harmful chemicals into the air.
- Mold and bacteria: Poorly maintained heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems can provide the perfect environment for mold and bacteria to grow and release pollutants into the air.
- Tobacco smoke: Secondhand smoke is a major indoor air pollutant and can cause serious health problems, especially for people with pre-existing medical conditions.
To improve indoor air quality, there are several steps you can take:
- Improve ventilation: Open windows and use fans to circulate fresh air.
- Use natural and low-toxic products: Choose natural cleaning products and avoid using pesticides or other chemicals inside your home.
- Maintain HVAC systems: Regularly clean and maintain your heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems to prevent mold and bacteria growth.
- Avoid tobacco smoke: If you or someone in your household smokes, encourage them to smoke outside or quit smoking entirely.
By taking these steps, you can help improve your indoor air quality and protect your health. If you have concerns about your indoor air quality, it is a good idea to have it professionally tested.